Basic artwork metadata guidelines


 

Basic embedded metadata for photos of art and architecture

2012-01-29

Looking for more detailed metadata? VRA Bridge Metadata Tools

Question, comments? emwg@vraweb.org

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Digital images contain data for such things as the camera model, photographer's name, and date taken. This data is referred to as “embedded metadata.” The following guidelines demonstrate how to create embedded metadata to describe the tangible creative works shown in photographs of art and architecture. The guidelines focus on five metadata fields that are widely used by image processing applications and web services: Creator, Title, Description, Keywords and Copyright Notice.

 

The aims of the guidelines are:

 

The guidelines will be helpful to the following types of users, among others:

 

 

FIELDS

 

Field Definition Input Instructions

Creator

aka:

Author

Artist

Photographer

The person who took the photograph of the creative work or, if this is unknown, the institution which commissioned the photograph.

Please use the Description section of this panel to name the creator of the creative work shown in the photograph.

  • Treat as plain text.
  • Max. characters = 64
  • Do not use commas.  why?
Title

The title of the photo as a whole - a short, easy to read identification.

Please use the Title of the creative work shown and any distinguishing view information

  • Plain text.
  • Max. characters = 64
  • Separate title parts with semicolons.  why?

Description

aka:

Caption

A general summary of information about the creative work shown in the photograph.

Please include Creator; Title; and additional information such as the Date; Dimensions; Medium; Location; Identification number; Rights; etc., according to your local needs.  advice

  • Plain text.
  • Max. characters = 2000
  • Separate work characteristics with semicolons.  why?

Keywords

aka:

Tags

Words or phrases used to express the subject matter in the photograph of the creative work.

Keywords or tags can be free text or taken from a controlled vocabulary and should include the events, people, places, and concepts depicted. Additional information such as Creator, Title, Materials, Style and Location of the creative work can be added to increase search results in various photo applications.

  • List of keywords.
  • Max. characters = 64 per keyword. Unlimited number of keywords in the field.
  • A keyword can be a single word (Temples) or a phrase (Doric order).
  • Do not use commas as punctuation  why?

Copyright Notice

aka:

Copyright

Identify the current owner(s) of the copyright for the photograph of the creative work.

For the United States follow the form ©<date of first publication> name of copyright holder.

For additional protection worldwide, use the phrase "All Rights Reserved" following the notice. Example: ©2012 Jane Doe, Photos R Us Press, All Rights Reserved.

  • Plain text.
  • Max. characters = 128
  • You can insert copyright (©) and other symbols.

 

 

EXAMPLES

 

Painting (detail)

http://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/mona-lisa-%E2%80%93-portrait-lisa-gherardini-wife-francesco-del-giocondo 

Creator Musée du Louvre / A. Dequier - M. Bard
Title Mona Lisa; detail; head with landscape in background
Description/Caption Leonardo da Vinci; Mona Lisa; ca. 1503-1506; oil on poplar; 77 x 54 cm; Musée du Louvre, Paris; INV. 779; public domain; This portrait was doubtless painted in Florence between 1503 and 1506. It is thought to be of Lisa Gherardini, wife of a Florentine cloth merchant named Francesco del Giocondo - hence the alternative title, La Gioconda.
Keywords oil painting (technique); portraits; women; Renaissance
Copyright Notice © Musée du Louvre/A. Dequier - M. Bard; http://www.louvre.fr/en/conditions-use-images

  

Mural

http://www.flickr.com/photos/peyri/1014107116/ 

http://www.chicanoparksandiego.com/murals/history.html 

 
Creator Peyri Herrera
Title Historical Mural; detail; left side
Description/Caption Toltecas en Aztlan (Guillermo Aranda; Arturo Roman; Salvador Barrajas; Jose Cervantes; Sammy Llamas. Bebe Llamas; Victor Ochoa; Ernest Paul; Guillermo Rosete; Guilbert "Magu" Lujan & M.E.Ch.A. group from U.C. Irvine); renovated, 1988; Chicano Park, San Diego, California
Keywords mural painting; urban parks; Mexican American art; Mexican Americans; Spain; Mexico; history; Politics and government; Chicano Movement
Copyright Notice

Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic

 

Sculpture

http://oldenburgvanbruggen.com/largescaleprojects/spitzhacke.htm 

 
Creator ProSell Archeo [Taken from a Flickr Gallery]
Title Pick Axe; installation view
Description/Caption Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen; Pick Axe; Spitzhacke; 1982; steel painted with polyurethane enamel; 11.2 x 13. 6 x 1.1 m; Documenta 7, Kassel, Germany; ©Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen
Keywords site-specific works, public sculpture, Pop (fine arts styles), scale (relative size), labor, picks (tools), Documenta (7th : 1982 : Kassel Germany)
Copyright Notice ©Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen. May not be reproduced without express written permission from the artists.

 

Historic Photo of Architecture (digitized from an archival negative)

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ansel_Adams_-_National_Archives_79-AA-Q01.jpg 

Creator Department of the Interior. National Park Service
Title Church, Taos Pueblo; Front view of entrance
Description/Caption

Ansel Adams (1902–1984); Church, Taos Pueblo National Historic Landmark, New Mexico; 1942 [San Geronimo Chapel]; film negative; National Archives Washington, DC; 79-AA-Q01; Public Domain;

Part of the series: Ansel Adams Photographs of National Parks and Monuments, compiled 1941 - 1942, documenting the period ca. 1933 - 1942; http://arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=519983 

Keywords Taos Pueblo (N.M.), churches, portals, entrances; crosses, national monuments, national parks
Copyright Notice Public domain; This image or media file contains material based on a work of a National Park Service employee, created during the course of the person's official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, such work is in the public domain. http://www.nps.gov/disclaimer.htm 

 

Title of the photo as a whole - a short, easy to read identification. Please use the Title of the cultural heritage work shown and any distinguishing view information

Building

http://www.flickr.com/photos/setatum/4111422810/in/set-72157622812668290/ 


 
Creator Steve Tatum
Title Poplar Forest; southwest facade, showing west stairwell, south portico, and wing
Description/Caption Thomas Jefferson; Poplar Forest; Began 1805 or 1806, preservation, restoration and reconstruction began ca. 1986; 1542 Bateman Bridge Road, Forest, VA, USA 24551
Keywords Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), United States presidents; houses, Palladian, octagonal plan
Copyright Notice © Steve Tatum

 

Jewelry

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Irish_Celtic_-_Penannular_Brooch_-_Walters_542341_%282%29.jpg


 
Creator Walters Art Museum
Title Penannular Brooch; detail; hoop
Description/Caption

Anonymous (Irish Celtic); Penannular Brooch; 6th-7th century (Early Medieval); bronze with traces of gilt; 12.5 x 6.5 x 1.2 cm; 54.2341; Walters Art Museum, 600 N. Charles St. Baltimore, MD, USA; ID: 2120; Public Domain

http://art.thewalters.org/detail/4768

Keywords metalwork; pins (jewelry); penannular brooches; Celtic; Early Medieval; spirals (geometric figures)
Copyright Notice Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License and GNU Free Documentation License

 

Titlof the photo as a whole - a short, easy to read identification. Please use the Title of the cultural heritage work shown and any distinguishing view information

Performance Art

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BeuysAchberg78.jpg 

 
Creator Rainer Rappmann
Title Each Person an Artist; Achberg, Germany, 1978
Description/Caption Joseph Beuys (German, 1921-1986); Each Person an Artist – on the Way to the Freedom Figure of the Social Organism; 1978; Achberg, Germany; public domain in the United States
Keywords Joseph Beuys; performance art
Copyright Notice

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License and GNU Free Documentation License

 

 

Advice

 

Before you begin

 

Creator names and commas

 

Plain text and semicolons

 

Description

 

Keywords and commas

 

Getting started with... 

 

 

Creator names and commas